There is ample documentation of the Roman house in Pompeii, from modest dwellings to large and magnificent villas with sumptuous decorations, from simple workmen’s houses to the elegant residences of the noble class, from the homes of merchants which were built around their workshops, to those with their own vegetable garden and plots of land used for agricultural purposes.
The typical house is variable in size and has a rectangular plan. It is almost totally devoid of windows on the outside, since all the rooms face onto the inner courtyards.
in this gallery you can see the houses of
HOUSE OF PANSA
A building of vast proportions, to the extent that it alone occupies the whole of insula no. 6. The original structure dates back to the Samnite period. Subsequently the dwelling was subdivided into a series of small rooms intended to be let, as is proved by an inscription to this effect and by the presence of an independent entrance to each of these small apartments. This conversion of the building is proof of the changing needs of Pompeian society which, in the Ist century A.D., passed from being a primarily agricultural economy – the inhabitants of the houses were land-owners, as is indicated by the presence of the plot of land behind the house – to one based on enterprise and commerce. There is a beautiful Tuscan atrium (it is part of the original construction) and a peristyle which is laid out around a pool. Behind it open out the rooms set aside for service purposes, including kitchens, latrines and a building for housing vehicles as well as the area intended for use as a vegetable garden. The original decoration has been completely lost.
HOUSE OF THE VETTII
This provides a very precious record of Pompeian painting and is one of the most beautiful and interesting houses in the town. The excellent state of preservation allows us, from a distance of centuries, to appreciate the magnificence attained by the dwellings belonging to the most well-to-do class in Pompeii and to observe how the rich local middle-class tended to display their prestige and their high standard of living by their extravagant construction of sumptuous buildings, equal, if not superior, in terms of decorative richness, to those of the aristocracy. The house of the Vettii, belonged to Aulus Vettius Restitutus and to Aulus Vettius Conviva, and expresses as few others do, the economic position which they had attained at the end of the 1st century A.D. Actually, the execution of a large part of the pictorial decoration, a dazzling testimony of painting in the IV style, should be attributed to the period after the earthquake of 62 A.D.
VILLA ARIANNA IN Castellammare di Stabia
Stabiae was an ancient Roman town, located close to the modern town of Castellammare di Stabia approximately 4.5 km southwest of Pompeii. It was positioned on a 50 m high headland overlooking the Gulf of Naples.Being only 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Mount Vesuvius, this seaside resort was largely destroyed by two metres of tephra ash in 79 AD.
(read more: http://www.visitpompeii.it/stabiae.html)
HOUSE OF ARCHI
The House of the Diadumeni
The home of the Wild boar
House of Paquius Proculus
Home Obellius Firmus
House of Nozze di Agrento
Via della Fortuna Augusta