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Landmarks

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The abbey of Casamari

The abbey of Casamari is situated in the territory of Veroli (Frosinone), on the Via Maria, mid-way between Frosinone and Sora, and lies on a rocky hill sloping down to the torrent Amaseno, at about 300 metres above sea-level. It was built on the ruins of an ancient Roman municipium named Cereatae, being dedicated to the goddess Ceres, at...

Montefalco, passion for falcon hunting…

Montefalco takes its name from the passion for falcon hunting of Frederic II who spent an entire year here in 1249. Montefalco was already an important municipality in Roman times due to its dominant position above the valley connecting Spoleto and Perugia. From the 11th century the town flourished in the culture of the free communes and the Renaissance. The...

Gaeta: the wet-nurse of Aeneas

In Roman mythology, Caieta was the wet-nurse of Aeneas. The Roman poet Vergil locates her grave on the bay at Gaeta, to which she also gives her name. Rising on the spur of Monte Orlando is Gaeta, a maritime republic and holiday resort area since ancient Roman times, as evidenced by various vestiges remaining in the territory. Today's Gaeta is a bathing resort of the middle Tyrrhenian. The village, "Borgo", developed...

Falerone medieval village

The Roman centre of Falerio rises up in the Tenna Valley,  on the left hand side of the river in a territorial district  that was already intensely populated even in pre-Roman times.  Cited by Plinio (N.h. III, 111) among the centers of the Regio V augustea, its inhabitants were members of the Velina tribe.  The registrations bear witness to...

Arpino, the town of Cicero

The origins of Arpino go back at the beginning of time. Legend has it that the town together with other Ciociarian towns (Alatri, Ferentino, Atina, Anagni) was founded by Saturn, the patron god of harvesting. Its first inhabitants have been identified with the mythical Pelasgians, the pre-Hellenic people who are believed to be the builders of the huge fortifications called “cyclopean...

The Holy House of Loreto, outside the Basilica

An ancient tradition claims that the walls of the Shrine came from Nazareth, Galilee - the Holy House is the same House where Mary, Our Lady was born, grew, and received the angelic announcement. Loreto is a typical example of a Shrine that gave rise to a town; over the centuries, the vicissitudes of the city overlapped those of...

San Ginesio medieval town in Marche Region

San Ginesio is called “Balcone di Sibillini” because from the highest points of the old town centre it is possible to admire a breathtaking view from Monte Conéro to the Sibillini Mountains. San Ginesio lies on a hill at an elevation of 696 m. During the Middle Ages it was one of the most important communes of the Marca...

Some pictures of Trevi medieval town

Founded by the Romans, it was an important town along the Via Flaminius. At the fall of the Roman Empire, having already been Christianised by Bishop Emiliano, it was occupied by the Longobards and included in the Duchy of Spoleto. During the Middle Ages Trevi was ruled by Foligno and Spoleto. Political and military instability continued until the 16th...

Some pictures of Spello medieval town

After the Ancient Umbrii who according to many historians founded Spello, came the Romans who called the colony Julia Hispellum (circa 41 BC) and gave impetus to the town's most important historical period. After the fall of the Roman Empire the town was destroyed by the Ostrogoths led by Totila and became part of the Longobard Duchy of Spoleto....

San Gemini in Umbria Region

San Gemini, original pre-roman town called Casventum in Roman times, took on the present name in the 9th century, when a monk called Gemine from Syria began to preach there, instructing and doing so much good that the town became known as the city of "St. Gemine". Enjoying the favour of the Papal State, it became a township, and representing...

Some pictures of Todi Medieval Town

"With its extraordinarily beautiful historic centre, the cradle of Medieval civilisation, Todi has preserved excellent examples of Etruscan, Roman and Renaissance culture. Museums, churches, palaces and buildings, streets and alleyways: just look around to relive its dreamlike atmosphere, echoes of its distant past."   According to ancient legend, Todi was founded in 2707 B.C. by the Veii-Umbri tribe, which had settled...

Norcia medieval town

Norcia: the heart, tradition and taste of Umbria Norcia was founded by the Sabines, set against the Sibylline Mountains. According to historians the area was inhabited right from the Neolithic age but the first records of continuous settlement date back to the 8th century BC. It really developed at the end of the 5th century BC and its name came from the Etruscan name “Norsia” (the name...

Livorno in Tuscany

Founded by the Medici and given city status in 1606, Livorno became a haven for those persecuted for their religion, race or politics. The many Foreign Nations which settled in the city brought with them a wealth of entrepreneurship and customs . The original character of this lively and well-connected city can be experienced by walking through its streets and admiring testimonies...

Chioggia

The town is situated on a small island at the southern entrance to the Lagoon of Venice. Chioggia and Sottomarina were not prominent in antiquity, although they are first mentioned in Pliny as the fossa Clodia. Local legend attributes this name to its founding by a Clodius, but the antiquity of this belief is not known. The name of the town...

Caldarola and Pallotta Castle – Region Marche

Caldarola owes its name to the latin term “CALIDARIUM” , which would mean the room with a “bath tub full of hot water” coming from thermal baths. Local tradition dates the town origins back to the 4th century A.D., when a group of Christian people, escaped to persecutions and reached the “colle del cuculo”-Colcù- (lit. cuckoo hill), would built...

Montecassiano medieval village

Montecassiano is located in the Italian region of Le Marche, in the Province of Macerata. This charming place is best known for its medieval buildings and architecture along with historic sights, which is the main tourist attraction. Founded in the 5th century, perhaps by people fleeing from the near Roman town Ricina, Montecassiano stands on the top of a hill at 215...

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