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Gaeta: the wet-nurse of Aeneas

In Roman mythology, Caieta was the wet-nurse of Aeneas. The Roman poet Vergil locates her grave on the bay at Gaeta, to which she also gives her name. Rising on the spur of Monte Orlando is Gaeta, a maritime republic and holiday resort area since ancient Roman times, as evidenced by various vestiges remaining in the territory. Today's Gaeta is a bathing resort of the middle Tyrrhenian. The village, "Borgo", developed...

Some pictures of Trevi medieval town

Founded by the Romans, it was an important town along the Via Flaminius. At the fall of the Roman Empire, having already been Christianised by Bishop Emiliano, it was occupied by the Longobards and included in the Duchy of Spoleto. During the Middle Ages Trevi was ruled by Foligno and Spoleto. Political and military instability continued until the 16th...

The Holy House of Loreto, outside the Basilica

An ancient tradition claims that the walls of the Shrine came from Nazareth, Galilee - the Holy House is the same House where Mary, Our Lady was born, grew, and received the angelic announcement. Loreto is a typical example of a Shrine that gave rise to a town; over the centuries, the vicissitudes of the city overlapped those of...

Abbazia di Santa Croce di Sassovivo

The Abbazia di Sassovivo is located only a few kilometres from Foligno. It is one of the oldest examples of the Benedictine presence in the Spoletina valley. The abbey complex is enclosed by defence walls and is built around two courtyards (cloisters) surrounded by buildings that have been added over the years. The first of the cloisters is on the...

Arpino, the town of Cicero

The origins of Arpino go back at the beginning of time. Legend has it that the town together with other Ciociarian towns (Alatri, Ferentino, Atina, Anagni) was founded by Saturn, the patron god of harvesting. Its first inhabitants have been identified with the mythical Pelasgians, the pre-Hellenic people who are believed to be the builders of the huge fortifications called “cyclopean...

Caldarola and Pallotta Castle – Region Marche

Caldarola owes its name to the latin term “CALIDARIUM” , which would mean the room with a “bath tub full of hot water” coming from thermal baths. Local tradition dates the town origins back to the 4th century A.D., when a group of Christian people, escaped to persecutions and reached the “colle del cuculo”-Colcù- (lit. cuckoo hill), would built...

Largo di Torre Argentina in Rome

The Area Sacra (Sacred Area) complex in Largo Argentina is delimited by Via Florida, Via di San Nicola de’ Cesarini, Via di Torre Argentina, and Largo Argentina. Four temples of the republican period discovered during the works performed in the surroundings between 1926 and 1928 are situated in the area. The name of the square comes from the Torre Argentina,...

Some pictures of Spello medieval town

After the Ancient Umbrii who according to many historians founded Spello, came the Romans who called the colony Julia Hispellum (circa 41 BC) and gave impetus to the town's most important historical period. After the fall of the Roman Empire the town was destroyed by the Ostrogoths led by Totila and became part of the Longobard Duchy of Spoleto....

The Baths of Trajan in Rome

Placed on the top of Oppian Hill (Colle Oppio), these thermal baths were built by Traiano in 109 AD on the project of Apollodoro di Damasco, the most famous architect of that era. It is known that these thermal baths, also used by women, were still in use during the IV and V century.The structure was on a surface...

Trajan Forum and Markets in Rome

The Forum of Trajan, which was inaugurated in 112 AD, completed the big monumental district of the Imperial Forums. The Column of Trajan was completed the following year, together with the renovations to the Temple of Venus Genetrix in the Forum of Caesar. In order to create the huge complex (300 x 185 m) space was obtained by cutting into...

Falerone medieval village

The Roman centre of Falerio rises up in the Tenna Valley,  on the left hand side of the river in a territorial district  that was already intensely populated even in pre-Roman times.  Cited by Plinio (N.h. III, 111) among the centers of the Regio V augustea, its inhabitants were members of the Velina tribe.  The registrations bear witness to...

The abbey of Casamari

The abbey of Casamari is situated in the territory of Veroli (Frosinone), on the Via Maria, mid-way between Frosinone and Sora, and lies on a rocky hill sloping down to the torrent Amaseno, at about 300 metres above sea-level. It was built on the ruins of an ancient Roman municipium named Cereatae, being dedicated to the goddess Ceres, at...

Some pictures of Todi Medieval Town

"With its extraordinarily beautiful historic centre, the cradle of Medieval civilisation, Todi has preserved excellent examples of Etruscan, Roman and Renaissance culture. Museums, churches, palaces and buildings, streets and alleyways: just look around to relive its dreamlike atmosphere, echoes of its distant past."   According to ancient legend, Todi was founded in 2707 B.C. by the Veii-Umbri tribe, which had settled...

San Gemini in Umbria Region

San Gemini, original pre-roman town called Casventum in Roman times, took on the present name in the 9th century, when a monk called Gemine from Syria began to preach there, instructing and doing so much good that the town became known as the city of "St. Gemine". Enjoying the favour of the Papal State, it became a township, and representing...

Ascoli Piceno, some pictures

Piazza del Popolo “People’s Square” assumed its current rectangular aspect in the first half of the 1500’s with the addition of graceful columned porticoes which served to keep the disorderly artisans’ workshops hidden from view. They formed an aesthetic link with the massive pre-existent medieval buildings, the Captains’ Palace and the Church of S. Francesco. The result is an asset...

Carsulae Roman Town

Carsulae, an ancient Roman town erected along the course of the Flaminia Road, was abbandoned long-ago because of serious landslides which had rendered it necessary to move the seat of this important consular road. Not all of this interesting archeological area which is situated between Terni and Sangemini has been brought to light. However, the Forum area with the ruins...

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