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The Baths of Trajan in Rome

Placed on the top of Oppian Hill (Colle Oppio), these thermal baths were built by Traiano in 109 AD on the project of Apollodoro di Damasco, the most famous architect of that era. It is known that these thermal baths, also used by women, were still in use during the IV and V century.The structure was on a surface...

Largo di Torre Argentina in Rome

The Area Sacra (Sacred Area) complex in Largo Argentina is delimited by Via Florida, Via di San Nicola de’ Cesarini, Via di Torre Argentina, and Largo Argentina. Four temples of the republican period discovered during the works performed in the surroundings between 1926 and 1928 are situated in the area. The name of the square comes from the Torre Argentina,...

Abbazia di Santa Croce di Sassovivo

The Abbazia di Sassovivo is located only a few kilometres from Foligno. It is one of the oldest examples of the Benedictine presence in the Spoletina valley. The abbey complex is enclosed by defence walls and is built around two courtyards (cloisters) surrounded by buildings that have been added over the years. The first of the cloisters is on the...

Ascoli Piceno, some pictures

Piazza del Popolo “People’s Square” assumed its current rectangular aspect in the first half of the 1500’s with the addition of graceful columned porticoes which served to keep the disorderly artisans’ workshops hidden from view. They formed an aesthetic link with the massive pre-existent medieval buildings, the Captains’ Palace and the Church of S. Francesco. The result is an asset...

Bevagna medieval town

An ancient Umbrian centre, the first documentation of it coincides with the Roman conquest of Umbria, when the Romans took over the area and built the western Via Flaminia (220 BCE) and other roads connecting to it. In the year 90 BCE, the town became an important Roman municipality by the name of Mevania. In 1439 it became part...

The abbey of Casamari

The abbey of Casamari is situated in the territory of Veroli (Frosinone), on the Via Maria, mid-way between Frosinone and Sora, and lies on a rocky hill sloping down to the torrent Amaseno, at about 300 metres above sea-level. It was built on the ruins of an ancient Roman municipium named Cereatae, being dedicated to the goddess Ceres, at...

Montefalco, passion for falcon hunting…

Montefalco takes its name from the passion for falcon hunting of Frederic II who spent an entire year here in 1249. Montefalco was already an important municipality in Roman times due to its dominant position above the valley connecting Spoleto and Perugia. From the 11th century the town flourished in the culture of the free communes and the Renaissance. The...

The Roman Forum, some pictures

The Forum Romanum is situated in the valley between the Palatine Hill and the Capitol and consists of an almost trapezoid-shaped square that stands between the Regia and the Rostra on the short sides and the Basilica Aemilia and the Basilica Julia on the long ones. An extension of the northern part is represented by the Comitium. The squarewas conceived...

Gaeta: the wet-nurse of Aeneas

In Roman mythology, Caieta was the wet-nurse of Aeneas. The Roman poet Vergil locates her grave on the bay at Gaeta, to which she also gives her name. Rising on the spur of Monte Orlando is Gaeta, a maritime republic and holiday resort area since ancient Roman times, as evidenced by various vestiges remaining in the territory. Today's Gaeta is a bathing resort of the middle Tyrrhenian. The village, "Borgo", developed...

Falerone medieval village

The Roman centre of Falerio rises up in the Tenna Valley,  on the left hand side of the river in a territorial district  that was already intensely populated even in pre-Roman times.  Cited by Plinio (N.h. III, 111) among the centers of the Regio V augustea, its inhabitants were members of the Velina tribe.  The registrations bear witness to...

Arpino, the town of Cicero

The origins of Arpino go back at the beginning of time. Legend has it that the town together with other Ciociarian towns (Alatri, Ferentino, Atina, Anagni) was founded by Saturn, the patron god of harvesting. Its first inhabitants have been identified with the mythical Pelasgians, the pre-Hellenic people who are believed to be the builders of the huge fortifications called “cyclopean...

The Holy House of Loreto, outside the Basilica

An ancient tradition claims that the walls of the Shrine came from Nazareth, Galilee - the Holy House is the same House where Mary, Our Lady was born, grew, and received the angelic announcement. Loreto is a typical example of a Shrine that gave rise to a town; over the centuries, the vicissitudes of the city overlapped those of...

San Ginesio medieval town in Marche Region

San Ginesio is called “Balcone di Sibillini” because from the highest points of the old town centre it is possible to admire a breathtaking view from Monte Conéro to the Sibillini Mountains. San Ginesio lies on a hill at an elevation of 696 m. During the Middle Ages it was one of the most important communes of the Marca...

Some pictures of Trevi medieval town

Founded by the Romans, it was an important town along the Via Flaminius. At the fall of the Roman Empire, having already been Christianised by Bishop Emiliano, it was occupied by the Longobards and included in the Duchy of Spoleto. During the Middle Ages Trevi was ruled by Foligno and Spoleto. Political and military instability continued until the 16th...

Some pictures of Spello medieval town

After the Ancient Umbrii who according to many historians founded Spello, came the Romans who called the colony Julia Hispellum (circa 41 BC) and gave impetus to the town's most important historical period. After the fall of the Roman Empire the town was destroyed by the Ostrogoths led by Totila and became part of the Longobard Duchy of Spoleto....

San Gemini in Umbria Region

San Gemini, original pre-roman town called Casventum in Roman times, took on the present name in the 9th century, when a monk called Gemine from Syria began to preach there, instructing and doing so much good that the town became known as the city of "St. Gemine". Enjoying the favour of the Papal State, it became a township, and representing...

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